The United Nations (UN) is an international organisation whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights and achievement of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.
There are 193 Member States including every internationally recognised sovereign State in the world, but Vatican City. The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive). Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organisation (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).
Ireland ratified the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, which came into effect for Ireland on 17 July 2010.
United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT)
The United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) is a multi-stakeholder initiative providing global access to expertise, knowledge and innovative partnerships to combat human trafficking. The Global Initiative is based on a simple principle: human trafficking is a crime of such magnitude and atrocity that it cannot be dealt with successfully by any government alone. This global problem requires a global, multi-stakeholder strategy that builds on national efforts throughout the world.
The UN.GIFT was conceived to promote the global fight on human trafficking, on the basis of international agreements reached at the UN. To date, 137 countries are parties to the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons especially Women and Children, which supplements the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (commonly referred to as the Palmero Agreement) which was agreed in 2000. The UN Protocol came into effect in Ireland in July, 2010.
On 6th March 2017 the Tánaiste and Minister for Justice and Equality, Frances Fitzgerald T.D., visited the UN.GIFT campaign when it visited Temple Bar in Dublin. A press release of the event can be found here.