The US Congress, under the 2000 Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), as amended, requires the Secretary of State to submit an Annual Report to Congress. The goal of the annual Trafficking in Persons (TIPs) Report is to stimulate action and create partnerships around the world in the fight against modern day slavery. The Report places countries in one of three tiers as mandated by the TVPA based on the extent of Government action to combat trafficking rather than on the size of the problem, although the latter is an important factor.

Countries are assessed and rated as follows:

Tier 1
The governments of countries that fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.

Tier 2
The governments of countries that do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.

Tier 2 (Watch List)
The government of countries that do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards, and for which:

  1. the absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing;
  2. there is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year, including increased investigations, prosecution, and convictions of trafficking crimes, increased assistance to victims, and decreasing evidence of complicity in severe forms of trafficking by government officials; or
  3. the determination that a country is making significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with minimum standards was based on commitments by the country to take additional steps over the next year.

Tier 3
The governments of countries that do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.

Ireland was mentioned for the first time in the TIPs Report in 2006. In the most recent Report (2017) Ireland received a Tier 1 rating as it has done for the past number of years. This rating for Ireland reflected the significant efforts made by the Government in tackling the crime of trafficking in human beings.